H?�a��ng da?�n cA�i ma��i Windows 10 cho cA?c mA?y Windows 7/8.1 ba??n quya�?n

by dang phung August 2, 2015 at 2:55 am

BA�i via??t sau xin h?�a��ng da?�n ba??n A�a�?c cA?ch cA�i ma��i (clean install) Windows 10 ba??n chA�nh tha��c trA?n chia??c laptop A�ang cha??y Windows 7 hay Windows 8.1 cA? ba??n quya�?n.

ThA?ng th?�a�?ng, na??u sa�� da�?ng tA�nh nA?ng Windows Update (thA?ng qua Get Windows 10) A�a�? nA?ng ca??p lA?n Windows 10 ta�� ma��t thia??t ba�� A�ang cha??y Windows 7 hay Windows 8.1 ba??n quya�?n, ta??t ca?? cA?c da�? lia��u bao ga��m a??nh, nha??c, phim, pha?�n ma�?m, … vA� ta??t nhiA?n lA� gia??y phA�p ba??n quya�?n sa?? A�?�a�?c gia�? nguyA?n A�a?�y A�a�� khi nA?ng ca??p thA�nh cA?ng lA?n Windows 10. Song na??u vA� ma��t sa�� lA? do nA�o A�A? mA� ba??n A�a�?c mua��n tha��c hia��n cA�i A�a?�t ma��i (Clean Install) Windows 10 thA?ng qua ba�� cA�i trA?n USB hoa?�c A�A�a DVD thA� quA? trA�nh kA�ch hoa??t ba??n quya�?n sa?? ga?�p A�A?i chA?t khA? khA?n.

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Ta??t nhiA?n, via��c cA�i A�a?�t ma��i A�a��i va��i ma��t sa�� ma?�u laptop A�?�a�?c cA�i sa?�n Windows 10 sa?? ra??t ha�?u A�ch ba�Yi ba??n cA? tha�? loa??i ba�? nha�?ng bloatware (pha?�n ma�?m A�?�a�?c cA?c OEM cA�i A�a?�t sa?�n) kha�?i thia??t ba�� ca��a mA�nh cA�ng nh?� A�a��i va��i nha�?ng ng?�a�?i dA?ng va��a mua a�� ca��ng ma��i mA� khA?ng cA? ma��t ba??n Windows nA�o A�?�a�?c cA�i sa?�n trA?n A�A?.

Via��c cA�i A�a?�t ma��i Windows 10 bao ga��m nhia�?u cA?ch, sau A�A?y lA� ma��t sa�� cA?ch lA�m pha�� bia??n nha??t:

CA?ch 1: Reset thia??t ba�� vA� xA?a ma�?i da�? lia��u

Ba??n cA? tha�? reset thia??t ba�� tra�Y la??i tra??ng thA?i ban A�a?�u (lA?c ma��i mua mA?y) vA� xA?a toA�n ba�� da�? lia��u cA? trA?n nA? ba?�ng cA?ch vA�o pha?�n Settings -> Update & Security -> Recovery -> Reset.

Sau khi nha??n Reset, ba??n sa?? cA? 3 tA?y cha�?n: Keep my files (gia�? la??i ma�?i da�? lia��u, cha�� xA?a A�i a��ng da�?ng vA� cA?c thia??t la?�p mA� ba??n A�A? cA�i A�a?�t), Remove everything (xA?a toA�n ba�� da�? lia��u (ka�? ca?? da�? lia��u trong cA?c a�� A�A�a khA?c), ta??t nhiA?n a��ng da�?ng cA�ng nh?� thia??t la?�p ca��a ba??n sa?? ba�� xA?a theo), cua��i cA?ng lA� Restore factory settings (t?�??ng ta�� nh?� tA?y cha�?n Remove everything nh?�ng thia??t ba�� sa?? khA?i pha�?c va�? phiA?n ba??n Windows nguyA?n ba??n mA� nhA� sa??n xua??t cA�i sa?�n lA?n thia??t ba�� khi ma��i mua va�?). Ba??n cA? tha�? la��a 1 trong 3 tA?y cha�?n nA�y.

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Na??u ba??n va��a nA?ng ca??p lA?n Windows 10 ta�� ma��t ba??n Windows cA�, tA�nh nA?ng nA�y sa?? ra??t ha�?u A�ch ba�Yi ba??n sa?? ga?�n nh?� cA? A�?�a�?c ma��t chia??c laptop “hoA�n toA�n ma��i” A�?�a�?c cA�i Windows 10, song cA?ch nA�y khA?ng A�?�a�?c khuya??n khA�ch tha��c hia��n ba�Yi nA? sa?? khA?ng hoA�n toA�n sa��a ma��t sa�� la��i nghiA?m tra�?ng va�? ha�� tha��ng (na??u cA?). VA� va?�y, ba??n A�a�?c cA? tha�? tha��c hia��n cA?ch 2.

CA?ch 2: CA�i A�a?�t ba?�ng file ISO

A?A?y A�?�a�?c xem lA� cA?ch tha��c hia��n pha�� bia??n vA� truya�?n tha��ng nha??t. Na??u ba??n mua��n cA�i ma��i Windows 10 ba?�ng file ISO ta�� ma��t chia??c mA?y tA�nh cha??y Windows 7/8.1 cA? ba??n quya�?n nh?�ng ch?�a nA?ng ca??p phiA?n ba??n A�A? lA?n Windows 10 thA� tr?�a��c ha??t ba??n pha??i nA?ng ca??p phiA?n ba??n Windows 7/8.1 cA? ba??n quya�?n a??y lA?n Windows 10 thA?ng qua Windows Update hoa?�c tA?y cha�?n Upgrade now trong Windows Media Creation Tool (ta??t nhiA?n na??u ba??n A�A? mua ma��t chia??c laptop ma��i cA�i sa?�n Windows 10 ba??n quya�?n hayA�A? mua mA? kA�ch hoa??t chA�nh hA?ng ta�� Microsoft thA� sa?? khA?ng ca?�n tha��c hia��n b?�a��c nA?ng ca??p nA�y).

Sau khi nA?ng ca??p thA�nh cA?ng ta�� Windows 7/8.1 ba??n quya�?n lA?n Windows 10, ha�� tha��ng sa?? xA?c nha?�n ba??n A�ang sa�� da�?ng phiA?n ba??n Windows cA? ba??n quya�?n, tuy va?�y ba??n sa?? khA?ng nha?�n A�?�a�?c ba??t ka�? key kA�ch hoa??t nA�o mA� thay vA�o A�A? ID pha?�n ca��ng ca��a thia??t ba�� sa?? A�?�a�?c A�A?ng kA? ta�� A�a��ng lA?n mA?y cha�� ca��a Microsoft. Sau nA�y, na??u ba??n cA�i A�a?�t ma��i Windows 10 ba?�ng file ISO trA?n chA�nh chia??c mA?y tA�nh A�A?, mA?y cha�� Windows sa?? kia�?m tra ngay khi thia??t ba�� cA? ka??t na��i ma??ng vA� na??u mA?y cha�� bia??t A�?�a�?c thia??t ba�� A�A? A�A? A�A?ng kA? ba??n quya�?n Windows 10 ta�� tr?�a��c, thia??t ba�� sa?? ta�� kA�ch hoa??t ba??n quya�?n cho phiA?n ba??n Windows 10 ma��i nA�y.

Na??u ba??n khA?ng nA?ng ca??p lA?n Windows 10 ta�� phiA?n ba??n Windows 7/8.1 cA? ba??n quya�?n tr?�a��c A�A? thA� ba??n sa?? khA?ng tha�? cA�i A�a?�t Windows 10 ba?�ng file ISO trA?n chia??c mA?y tA�nh a??y, ba??n cA�ng khA?ng tha�? nha?�p key ba??n quya�?n ca��a Windows 7/8.1 cho Windows 10. VA� va?�y cha�� cA? 1 cA?ch duy nha??t na??u mua��n cA�i ma��i Windows 10 ba?�ng file ISO trA?n ma��t chia??c mA?y tA�nh A�ang cha??y Windows 7/8.1 ba??n quya�?n A�A? lA�: nA?ng ca??p phiA?n ba??n Windows 7/8.1 ba??n quya�?n A�A? lA?n Windows 10 tr?�a��c ra��i mua��n cA�i gA� thA� cA�i!

Na??u A�A? “A�a?�t ga??ch” tr?�a��c mA� va?�n ch?�a nha?�n A�?�a�?c ba??n ca?�p nha?�t Windows 10 trong Windows Update, ba??n A�a�?c cA? tha�? sa�� da�?ng tA�nh nA?ng Upgrade now ca��a cA?ng ca�? Windows Media Creation Tool A�A? A�?�a�?c chA?ng tA?i gia��i thia��u ta??i A�A?y.

Sau khi nA?ng ca??p thA�nh cA?ng Windows 7/8.1 ba??n quya�?n lA?n Windows 10, ba??n cA? tha�? kia�?m tra xem mA?y ca��a mA�nh A�A? tha��c sa�� cA? ba??n quya�?n ch?�a ba?�ng cA?ch vA�o Settings -> Update & Security -> Activation (hoa?�cControl Panel -> System), na??u nhA�n tha??y dA?ng cha�? Windows is activated cA? nghA�a ra?�ng mA?y ba??n A�A? kA�ch hoa??t ba??n quya�?n thA�nh cA?ng sau khi nA?ng ca??p ta�� ma��t phiA?n ba??n Windows 7/8.1 cA? ba??n quya�?n. LA?c nA�y, ba??n cA? tha�? ta??o ba�� cA�i trA?n USB hoa?�c A�A�a DVD A�a�? cA�i ma��i la??i Windows 10 na??u thA�ch.

NgoA�i Windows is activated ra, ba??n cA�ng ca?�n l?�u A? xem phiA?n ba??n Windows 10 sau khi nA?ng ca??p lA�Windows 10 Home hay Pro, ba�Yi sau nA�y na??u cA�i la??i ba?�ng file ISO mA� cA�i khA?ng A�A?ng phiA?n ba??n thA� thia??t ba�� sa?? khA?ng kA�ch hoa??t A�?�a�?c. Sau A�A?y lA� danh sA?ch cA?c phiA?n ba??n Windows 7/8.1 sau khi nA?ng ca??p lA?n Windows 10 thA� sa?? thA�nh ba??n nA�o (l?�u A? na??u A�ang cha??y Windows 8.1 Single Language thA� Windows 10 sau khi nA?ng ca??p sa?? lA� Windows 10 Home Single Language).

Na??u nhA�n tha??y dA?ng cha�? Windows is not activated, ta��c lA� thia??t ba�� ch?�a A�?�a�?c kA�ch hoa??t thA� A�a��ng va��i cA�i ma��i ba?�ng file ISO cho A�a??n khi thia??t ba�� kA�ch hoa??t thA�nh cA?ng.

Na??u tha??y thia??t ba�� A�A? kA�ch hoa??t thA�nh cA?ng vA� mua��n cA�i ma��i Windows 10 ba?�ng file ISO, ba??n bua��c pha??i sa�� da�?ng la??i cA?ng ca�? Windows Media Creation Tool. A?a�? cA�i A�a?�t, ba??n cA? tha�? xem h?�a��ng da?�n trong bA�i via??t , l?�u A? a�Y pha?�n cha�?n phiA?n ba??n pha??i la��a cha�?n phiA?n ba??n A�A?ng va��i phiA?n ba??n A�A? hia�?n tha�� a�Y pha?�n ActivationA�A? xem tr?�a��c A�A?, cA?n pha?�n cha�?n 32-bit hoa?�c 64-bit ba??n cA? tha�? la��a theo A? ca��a mA�nh hoa?�c ca?? 2.

Sau khi cA?ng ca�? ta??o ba�� cA�i thA�nh cA?ng (ta��n khoa??ng 1 tia??ng), ba??n kha�Yi A�a��ng la??i thia??t ba�� ca��a mA�nh vA� thia??t la?�p boot ta�� USB. Sau khi boot thA�nh cA?ng ta�� USB, mA�n hA�nh cA�i A�a?�t hia��n lA?n vA� ba??n cA? tha�? cA�i A�a?�t bA�nh th?�a�?ng nh?� bao ba??n cA�i A�a?�t Windows khA?c, tuy nhiA?n khi A�a??n pha?�n nha?�p key thA� ba??n hA?y nha??n nA?t Skip, A�a��ng lo la??ng ba�Yi khA?ng cA? va??n A�a�? gA� xa??y ra ha??t.

Tia??p theo, a�Y pha?�n Which type of installation do you want?, ba??n cha�?n pha?�n Custom. a�z pha?�n cha�?n phA?n vA?ng, ba??n cA? tha�? phA?n vA?ng la??i tA?y theo A? thA�ch ca��a mA�nh (chA? A? A�a??n cA?c phA?n vA?ng cha��a da�? lia��u ca��a ba??n ba�Yi ta��t nha??t ba??n khA?ng nA?n A�a��ng A�a??n nA? na??u khA?ng mua��n da�? lia��u ca��a mA�nh “khA?ng cA?nh mA� bay”), sau A�A? cha�?n A�A?ng phA?n vA?ng cA�i Windows hia��n ta??i ca��a mA�nh

Sau khi Windows ma��i A�?�a�?c cA�i thA�nh cA?ng, ba??n sa?? A�?�a�?c yA?u ca?�u nha?�p key ma��t la?�n na�?a trong pha?�n thia??t la?�p ban A�a?�u, tuy nhiA?n hA?y cha�?n Do it later vA� tia??p ta�?c quA? trA�nh cA�i A�a?�t.

Sau khi ka??t na��i ma??ng vA� A�A?ng nha?�p vA�o tA�i khoa??n Micosoft ca��a ba??n, thia??t ba�� sa?? ta�� A�a��ng ga��i thA?ng tin lA?n mA?y cha�� Microsoft vA� ta�� kA�ch hoa??t ba??n quya�?n trong tha�?i gian nga??n sau A�A?. Tuy nhiA?n cA? tha�? do A�A?i lA?c mA?y cha�� Windows ba�� quA? ta??i nA?n sa?? ma??t A�A?i chA?t tha�?i gian A�a�? kA�ch hoa??t thA�nh cA?ng. Ba??n cA? tha�? vA�o Settings ->Update & Security -> Activation A�a�? kia�?m tra, na??u ch?�a tha??y kA�ch hoa??t thA� ba??n cA? tha�? kha�Yi A�a��ng la??i thia??t ba��.

Na??u A�A? restart la??i nhia�?u la?�n mA� va?�n ch?�a kA�ch hoa??t A�?�a�?c, ba??n cA? tha�? tha��c hia��n theo cA?ch sau: cha??y CMD d?�a��i quya�?n Admin, gA� la��nh slmgr.vbs /ato ra��i nha??n Enter. Nhia�?u ng?�a�?i dA?ng cho bia??t ha�? pha??i cha??y la��nh nA�y nhia�?u la?�n ma��i kA�ch hoa??t A�?�a�?c, nh?�ng na??u A�A? cha??y mA� va?�n tha??y thia??t ba�� ch?�a A�?�a�?c kA�ch hoa??t, ba??n hA?y restart la??i mA?y vA� cha??y thA?m 1 la?�n na�?a vA� ca�� nh?� tha??. Na??u va?�n ch?�a A�?�a�?c, cA?ch cua��i cA?ng A�A? lA� a�� cha�? A�a�?i cho A�a??n khi mA?y cha�� Windows thA?ng thoA?ng ba��t mA� thA?i.

ID pha?�n ca��ng trA?n thia??t ba�� pha�? thua��c hoA�n toA�n vA�o pha?�n ca��ng mA?y tA�nh ca��a ba??n ta??i tha�?i A�ia�?m A�A?, do A�A? na??u ba??n cA? thay A�a��i ba??t ka�? ba�� pha?�n pha?�n ca��ng nA�o thA� Windows 10 ma��i cA�i A�a?�t cA? tha�? sa?? khA?ng kA�ch hoa??t A�?�a�?c. Song ba??n cA? tha�? dA?ng ph?�??ng phA?p Active by phone (thA?ng qua chA�nh Microsoft) na??u na?�m trong tr?�a�?ng ha�?p nA�y, cung ca??p thA?ng tin sau A�A? bA?n ha�� tra�? ca��a Microsoft sa?? cung ca??p key kA�ch hoa??t cho ba??n hoa?�c kA�ch hoa??t ta�� A�a��ng thA?ng qua Internet.

Ca?�n l?�u A? thA?m A�A? lA� kha?? nA?ng nA?ng ca??p mia��n phA� cA�ng nh?� ba??n quya�?n OEM A�A? kA�ch hoa??t sa?�n cho nha�?ng chia??c mA?y tA�nh ma��i cha??y Windows 10 sa?? khA?ng sa�� da�?ng A�?�a�?c trA?n nha�?ng chia??c mA?y tA�nh khA?c ba�Yi ma��i pha?�n ca��ng A�a�?u cA? ma��t ID riA?ng bia��t.

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